Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental health problem that usually appears in childhood, usually after age 7, and is classified as a behavioral disorder. It is characterized, hence its name, because children are hyperactive (excessive physical activity), impulsive and have problems to maintain attention in a single activity on a continuous basis.
All this leads to problems in school performance, as well as in their personal relationships with friends, teachers and the family.
Causes of ADHD
The causes of ADHD are not known, although the different studies that have been conducted in this regard suggest that there is an important genetic component, to the point that some experts consider that there is a 76% chance that a person’s children with this disorder also develop it. Likewise, the most recent studies consider that the family environment (unstructured homes) and the social environment (conflictive relationships) can only act as drivers of the symptoms, but not contribute to the onset of the disease.
Symptoms of ADHD
It is important to note that any person can at any time present any of the symptoms related to ADHD, without implying any relationship with the disease. In fact, the diagnosis of ADHD involves two fundamental conditions: the coexistence of various symptoms and that these manifest in the different social environments of the child (family, school, circle of friends) and constantly and prolonged, causing, in addition, obvious problems of social relationship and school performance you can read more on itspsychology.
It must also be borne in mind that not all people diagnosed with ADHD have the same symptoms, but that there is great variability among each other. In fact, depending on the symptoms of each patient, three different types of ADHD have been established:
1) ADHD with hyperactivity-impulsivity
- Frequently, it maintains a state of continuous excitement.
- He talks a lot, even in situations where he must remain silent, like during class.
- He is restless in class and has a hard time sitting. He constantly removes himself in the chair and can get up during class.
- In situations where you must maintain a waiting attitude, do not stop moving, jumping and running.
- He interrupts others very often in conversations, games, etc. In group activities, he is unable to wait his turn. He even tends to answer before the person speaking with him has finished asking the question.
- He can not stay calm while playing.
2) ADHD with lack of attention
- He has problems keeping his attention on any activity he is doing, which leads him to make mistakes by missing the details of things.
- He is easily distracted by any external stimulus.
- It does not end what it starts and changes activity quickly.
- It is very difficult for him to get organized, so he loses things he needs to do an activity or he often forgets them at home when it comes to school things. He also forgets the duties he has to do or the tasks entrusted to him at home.
- Sometimes he shows himself as absent, as if he did not listen to what is being said to him.
3) ADHD combined.
The child manifests the symptoms of the two previous types, that is, hyperactivity-impulsivity and lack of attention for more information please visit https://itspsychology.com/.